Althoughthe advancement in computer technology has had positive outcomesrelated to the dramatic decrease in the cost of producing,processing, and disseminating information using the latestcommunications and software programs, it has equally been greetedwith cyber warfare. The key issues surrounding cyber warfare are assummarized below.

Regardlessof the many contrasting definitions of cyber warfare, it generallysignifies the activities by a nation-state or an intercontinentalassociation to raid and make an attempt to destruct a differentnation-state`s information networks via various tactics. It coverssuch issues as computer viruses, denial of internet service tocommunities and countries, and damaging of critical infrastructures.

Cyberwarfare is a serious area of concern because it involves attacks onthe critical infrastructures such as pipelines, marine systems, oilproduction systems, and water utilities, impairing services likecommunication, transportation, and energy production. It is alsocheap to execute, hence, the need to mitigate. In the U.S., theDepartment of Defense directs organizations to assess and devicesafety strategies for protectingtargetedinfrastructures, as well as to recruit experienced Cyber SecurityOfficers who can safeguard the system networks by setting uniquepasswords. Likewise, the National Institute of Standard andTechnology-NIST has identified common hostile environments to secure,for instance, Malware, wireless connections, and the organization’sdatabase. However, to accomplish the ultimate goal of deterring cyberwarfare, the traditional cyber intelligence is incorporated toeffectively map out the threats and issue predictive possibilities,thereby allowing companies to make appropriate decisions regardingcyber warfare security based on evidence. To contain cyber warfare,countries must collaborate because the attackers come from differentnations with dissimilar laws.