Posted On July 4, 2020
Watersupply shortage is the lack of enough reliable water sources to meetwater demand within a region. It involves water scarcity orunavailability of clean water for human consumption. Almost1.1billion people in developing countries cannot access safe water.In sub-Saharan Africa, people are wasting a lot of energy and time tosearch for water. Water covers 70% of the earth, and less than 1% isavailable for use (Hoekstraet al. 3234).The need for water has increased to three times from 50years ago. Howto manage the demand and supply of water has become an issue facingthe US and the rest of the world. Water quantity used in homes ismore than that used in companies and firms.
Letus identify the problem and the causes
Thisshortage is by physical water scarcity or economic water scarcity.Physical is due to inadequate natural water resources (Hoekstraet al. 3234).Climatic changes have contributed to this issue. For example droughtand floods. Lack of rain leads to lakes, rivers, and ponds to dry up.Floods, on the other hand, pollute the available water. Increasedpollution from industries leads to the shortage because wasteproducts are channeled to water sources. Overuse of water is anotherfactor. In recent years people are using a lot of water which has ledto increasing its demand.
Economicwater scarcity is the lack of advanced technology and infrastructureto draw water. There is no enough human capacity to satisfy waterdemand. People are not investing in the water sector and thus leadingto the problem. The most countries faced by economic scarcity are inAfrica especially those who are economically and politically poor andthose already in dry areas. Poor management of sources leads todeficiency (Royet al. 2450).For example in some countries water is cheap which increases thedemand. Countries experiencing dictatorship as a form of governmentcan have this problem because the leaders can use it as a source ofcontrol.
Whatthen is the solution?
Byeducating people faced by this issue can help to take measures toprevent it from worsening. Those not faced can be enlightened tohelp. Recycling water through the use of advanced technology can alsohelp (Royet al. 2450).Not only does it prevent but it also saves money. Investing in thissector is lifesaving.
Improving practices related to farming
Someforms of irrigation and agriculture consume a lot of water. We needto advance them. Ensuring proper sanitation leads Safe water andstarts with the proper sewage system. We should also support cleanwater initiatives. Donating to organizations that are struggling toprovide water to areas without should be our priority.
Whatis our individual responsibility?
Designationof government authority. This unit can be designated before a droughtto manage water sources and to control its supply. The body should beable to predict a drought and thus change water patterns. The publicshould also be informed. For example, if water rationing is to occur,the citizens should be notified early in advance which ensurescompanies are not affected. It enables them to can opt foralternatives. Monitoring of water use is an effective action (Scheweet al. 3247).
Waterscarcity is affecting all of us, and we should take availablemeasures to prevent it from worsening. If we do not take action, thenwe blame ourselves for destroying our planet and causing the death ofothers. We determine our existence. Water is life. Let`s conserve itand avoid its pollution.
Hoekstra,Arjen Y., and Mesfin M. Mekonnen. "The water footprint ofhumanity." Proceedingsof the national academy of sciences 109.9(2012): 3232-3237.
Roy,Sujoy B., et al. "Projecting water withdrawal and supply forfuture decades in the US under climate changescenarios." Environmentalscience & technology 46.5(2012): 2545-2556.
Schewe,Jacob, et al. "Multimodel assessment of water scarcity underclimate change." Proceedingsof the National Academy of Sciences 111.9(2014): 3245-3250.