Grading Your High School

GradingYour High School

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GradingYour High School

Educationis usually provided to people from diverse social, economic, andcultural backgrounds. However, not everyone has the potential to usethe education system to their full capability. There are numerouschallenges that face children in their pursuit of education andsearch for knowledge. For instance, children living in povertycondition may be obliged to take up a job opportunity in order tosupport their financial needs. The absence of financial support foreducational pursuance results in psychological and emotionalrepercussions. This essay tries to elucidate on how social classimpacts on the educational system in the United States.

HowDoes Social Class Affect Educational Opportunity in the UnitedStates?

Peoplein the United States tend to believe that there are no social classesand stratifications and that there have been significant developmentsin the social facet of the U.S. Since antiquity, social classes havebeen known to be the primary cause of social differentiationincluding work, education, and health. Despite improvements in socialstructures, most people in the United States have faceddiscrimination against social class.

Numerousresearch studies have investigated myriad variables that areconnected with social stratification such as education, income, andwealth. One of the root causes of social stratification is poverty,and research studies show that a substantial percentage of the U.S.populace is poor. According to statistics, “approximately 13percent of the U.S. population lives below the poverty line with asignificant amount of this proportion being women, elderly, andpeople of color (Landsberg, 2009)”. Poverty has been distinguishedas one of the major contributors to poor health, social inequities,and low education status.

Povertyadversely affects the opportunity to acquire education and makes itharder for people to get themselves out. There are similarrelationships that exist between poverty, health, and employmentstatus. Consequently, poverty results in poor health outcomes whichin turn leads to poverty and makes it harder for people to work fulltime and also acquire education. Social class has a significantimpact on education since people choose where to study based on theirfinancial capabilities. The United States has the greatest percentageof social inequality among the post-industrial societies across theglobe (Anyon, 1980). Research studies indicate that income inequalityhas heightened over the recent past hence, increasing inequalityamong people.

Theincreased gap in economic inequality has affected the United Statesregarding the acquisition of education. In the U.S. people livingbelow the poverty line receive less education as compared to well-offpeople, who obtain more education. The above social state can beexplained through the education expenditure. Over the years, socialclass has been associated with education success. It is evident thatstudents from higher social backgrounds tend to pursue courses andachieve better grades compared to students from low social class.

Structureof Schooling

Schoolingstructure is described as the difference in features between varioustypes of education institutions such as urban-rural, suburban,public, and private schools. People in the U.S. usually live inregions that are relatively similar to class and race. There aresignificant differences between the schools mentioned above based onthe financial support as well as other resources. For instance,students living in poverty-stricken areas tend to attend schools withinadequate teaching facilities and resources (Landsberg, 2009). Onthe other hand, students who come from affluent families attendschools with sufficient learning resources hence, accomplishlearning objectives. Unequal expenditures on schools have an adverseimpact on the state of the learning institution. For instance,schools supported by the government through local property tax tendto have state of the art learning equipment, refurbished laboratoriesand libraries, and adequate teaching staff.

Schoolsof the Upper and Upper-Middle classes

Mostof the upper and middle-class high schools have adequate learning andco-curricular facilities. For instance, there are spacious grounds,extensive and well-kept laboratories and computer, and proficientteachers. On the other hand, private schools are significantly smallwith a few numbers of students, not more than 1,200[ CITATION Fis12 l 1033 ].Private schools offer various extracurricular activities such asmusic, drama, and debate among others. The prevailing disparities inschools have a negative impact on the learning attitude and pursuanceof education among many students. The question of how money affectseducation has received a lot of controversies, over the recent past.Numerous research studies have inferred that money is a necessarythreshold but not consistently sufficient for achievement[ CITATION Ban151 l 1033 ].It is imperative to acknowledge the fact that a child’s socialclass has a paramount connection to the type and size of the schoolto attend, economic and political resources available, and thecurricula provided to ensure effective learning.

SocialBeliefs in the U.S. Community

Inthe recent past, the idea of IQ testing among students has permeatedthe education system. The concept of IQ testing has played a crucialrole in the education sector. For instance, most researchers haveused this knowledge to explain the learning capabilities and thedifference between African Americans and why low-class students doless well compared to the affluent students[ CITATION Ban151 l 1033 ].The IQ test is usually a means to justify the existing variations ineducation success and rewards. Most researchers believe that sincesome students are more intelligent than other, they deserve moreopportunities and rewards, and also exposure to special educationresources and programs. Some researchers argue that there is a largergap in educational achievement between the poor and the rich inregions where there are extensive testing programs.

Onthe other hand, students are supposed to be given adequate and ampletime to study. Learning is an important process to a young person.High-school students should not be out working to earn money ratherutilizing their time in doing homework and personal studies. Parents`role is of fundamental importance in the success of a high-schoolstudent. Parents should promote and encourage young ones at an earlyage through academic activities. When students are motivated andsupported, they tend to improve their grades in high school. A goodselection of a school is another factor to put into considerationwhen enrolling children in highs school. A school that has adequateteaching facilities and an excellent academic performance willmotivate students to excel.

TeachingPractices in the United Sates

Thewill power of the student is an important aspect of determiningsuccess or failure. High-school students have self-control and thedetermination to acquire knowledge. A student ought to have thedesire to study and achieve the highest grades. Additionally,students should be able to set goals and objective to ensurecontinued motivation in achieving the target. It is of vitalimportance to inculcate the culture of punctuality and timemanagement in high-school students. Being punctual means the studentwill attend classes promptly, and complete assigned tasks within thestipulated deadline. Students should be hard working and studious toexcel in high school. Hard work will always pay.

Impactsof social class and educational inequality

Thepresence of social classes in the United States has impacted on theeducation system negatively. Social class influences where studentsgo to school and also the resources at their disposal. Consequently,low class students are exposed to less prepared teachers lessequipped learning institutions, poor curricula hence, ill preparedfor the next education level[ CITATION Ban151 l 1033 ].School dropouts have increased, over the recent past, as a result ofdifferencesin the learning experiences. There are a relative higher proportionof students’ dropouts in public high schools compared to privatehigh schools. Social class has been associated with the loss ofnumerous talents in the U.S. the increased number of students’dropouts in the United States has also adversely affected othersocial and economic variables. For instance, lack of education leadsto unemployment and results in insecurity, poverty, and poor livingstandards. As a result, government intervention is required to ensurethere is equality in the provision of public amenities such aseducation.

Recommendations

Itis important for the relevant stakeholders to join hands in order toimprove the current situation of the education system. For instance,there is need to work legally and politically to ensure sufficientlearning resources for all students, regardless of their socialclass. The government ought to take some responsibility in ensuringsupport for educational equity among all citizens. On the other hand,economic inequalities in the society affect the population in myriadways. It is necessary to eliminate these inequalities by encouragingincome-tax reforms and helping out the needy. The entire societyshould work towards integrating people with diverse cultures, socialclass, and color. People need to advocate for measures such aslow-income housing and oppose moves such as zoning. The schoolcurricula need to be re-evaluated in order to teach studentsdepending on their abilities rather than choose for them what to do.Finally, teachers ought to adjust to collaborative teaching methodsto ensure efficiency and achievement of learning goals.

Conclusion

Inconclusion, social class in the United States has affected theeducation system, resulting in social segregation. The presence offactors such as educational beliefs, structures, poor educationalpractices tends to cause inequality in educational outcomes. Peopleneed to understand and appreciate the importance of creating equalopportunities and impartiality in structures and practices in orderto attain greater educational equality. The research study hasinferred that students from a higher social class tend to attendschools with sufficient academic resources and better teachers. Onthe contrary, students from the low-class end will attend schoolswith inadequate teaching resources and ill-prepared teachers.Therefore, it is important to promote educational equality by makingsuch experiences available to all people, irrespective of theirsocial or cultural backgrounds. The use of IQ test among studentshas influenced people’s perception regarding the capability ofdifferent students to acquire education. Students need not be blamedfor their failure rather shift focus to how social organizations canbe changed to support the achievement of learning goals. As such,researchers ought to look into re-evaluating the teaching practices,curriculum, and effectiveness of teachers.

References

Anyon,J. (1980). Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work. TheJournal of Education, 162 (1),67-92.

Landsberg,M. (2009). Two students, two schools — and a world of difference 20miles apart. LosAngeles Times.